- Who was the Roman emperor who ended imperial persecution of Christians by converting to Christianity? Answer: Henry IV.
- Who viewed Christ as a human creature, neither eternal nor uncreated like God the Father, prompting the framing of the Nicene Creed? Answer: Anglicans.
- What was the location of the synod that published a list of the canonical Christian Scriptures? Answer: Ontological argument.
- What was the earliest Christological heresy, to which the Apostles Creed contained a response? Answer: Extreme unction.
- What was the name of the Reformation movement that re-baptized those who had been baptized as infants because they insisted on an adult "believer's church"? Answer: Carthage.
- Who was the 16th century Swiss reformer who made Geneva a theocratic center for training protestant reformers? Answer: St. Augustine.
- Who stood barefoot in the snow for three days before obtaining absolution from the pope at Canossa? Answer: Gregory I.
- What name is generally given to arguments for God's existence from the idea of a first cause? Answer: Pantheism.
- The Wesley brothers founded the Methodist movement as a reform movement within the branch of the Reformation called ... Answer: Gnosticism.
- The traditional Catholic sacrament reserved for the sick and dying is called ... Answer: Special revelation.
- Under which pope was the papacy understood as the "servant of the servants of God"? Answer: Constantine.
- Explain the nature of the arguments from general revelation (natural theology) for the existence of God. Offer two examples. Answer: General revelation is being able to believe in something. Putting your faith into something besides yourself. Even if you don't believe in God you still believe in something.
- Name a Protestant Reformer and identify one of his distinctive teachings. Answer: St. Augustine made Geneva a theocratic center for training many protestant reformers.
- Describe how one of the twelve Apostles died. Answer: Judis [sic.] hung [sic.] himself.
- What is Gnosticism? Explain. Answer: Reform of Methodism. Branching off and opening the mind to a new beliefe [sic.] that was not sterotypical [sic.].
- Distinguish between general and special revelation. Answer: General revelation is that which all have a bliefe [sic.] and faith in. Special revelation is that which those believe and have faith in God.
- Distinguish between mortal and venial sin. Answer: Mortal sin [is] knowing right from wrong. Venial sin [is] knowing what is wrong but not caring.
- What are the three basic divisions of the Old Testament? Answer: (1) Creation, (2) exile, (3) sin.
- Enumerate the four basic divisions of the New Testament: Answer: (1) Birth of Jesus, (2) Reserection [sic.], (3) Hope of an after life with God, (4) Crusitication [sic.] of Jesus.
- Analyze the logic of the 'ontological' argument for the existence of God. Answer: The 'ontological' argument for the existence of God would be that since there is a universe and it must keep going and things happen good and bad there has to be a higher power than just us.
- Name the seven sacraments distinguished by the Church from medieval times. Answer: (1) Baptism, (2) confession, (3) confirmation, (4) Lord's supper, (5) oil (anointment) [sic.], [and wait ... it just keeps getting better] (6) Carthage, and (7) Special revelation.
Thursday, July 19, 2007
They joy of education today . . .
Here is the exhilarating yield from an examination I gave this summer in a senior-level course in religious studies: